About Taekwon-Do

A Brief History of Taekwondo

The name Taekwondo is derived from the Korean word “Tae” meaning foot, “Kwon” meaning fist and “Do” meaning way of. So, literally Taekwondo means “the way of the foot and fist”. The name Taekwondo, however, has only been used since 1955 while the arts’ roots began 2,300 years ago in Korea. Known as a martial art and way of life, the evolution of Taekwondo was a direct result of the happenings in Korea long ago, and knowledge of the history is an important step in understanding Taekwondo.

General Choi Hong Hi (9 November 1918 – 15 June 2002), was a South Korean army general and martial artist who is a controversial figure in the history of the Korean martial art of taekwondo.[a] Choi is regarded by many as the “Founder of Taekwondo”—most often by International Taekwon-Do Federation (ITF) organizations.Others, such as the South Korean World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) organization, portray Choi as either an unimportant or a dishonorable figure in taekwondo history, whether by omitting him from their versions of taekwondo history or through explicit statements.

Benefits of taekwondo

  • Enhance self-esteem by heightening your physical and mental powers.
  • Build confidence by encouraging you to succeed and to take control of your life.
  • Develop discipline by thoroughly training your body and mind in the tenets and techniques of Taekwondo.
  • Teach self-defense by training you to recognize situations in which physical self-defense may be necessary, and teaching you how to control such situations to your advantage.
  • Strengthen your mind and body through increased physical coordination and mental discipline.

Taekwondo Tenets And Student Creed

Safety Rules

  • Don’t wear jewellery or watches during training.
  • Tie your hair if you have long hair during training.
  • Keep your finger and toe nails short for sparring.
  • Don’t chew gum while training. It is not only disrespectful to your Master and your classmates but it is also a chock hazard.
  • Make sure to wear all your sparring gear including your mouth guard and groin guard in sparring classes (especially in Competitive Sparring Classes) as they are for your safety and the safety of your sparring partner..
  • Use goggles or protective cover over your prescription glasses in sparring classes (especially in Competitive Sparring Classes).
  • Don’t use excessive force when sparring younger students or lower belts.
  • If you have any injury, tell your instructor before class begins. If you are injured during class, report it to your Master or Instructor right away.
  • Don’t stand on the chairs in the viewing area and change rooms.
  • If you see anything unsafe or you feel unsafe, report it to your Master or Instructor right away.

Rules for Taekwondo Dojang

  • Bow upon entering and leaving the dojang from the centre door. Also, bow to your Master and Instructors before receiving instructions.
  • Always obey and respect your Masters, Instructors, Parents and senior/higher belt students. Always bow and greet the Masters and Instructors whenever and wherever you meet them.
  • Address your Masters and Instructors by their last name
  • Arrive for class on time. If you are late, you must do push-ups before joining your classmates.
  • Keep your dobok (uniform) clean and presentable. You cannot enter the dojang without proper uniform or a belt. Respect your uniform and belt by not throwing them on the ground.
  • Always place your outdoor shoes on the shoe rack in the designated areas.
  • No shoes except the Taekwondo training shoes are allowed in the dojang.
  • Line up according the ranking from the right to the left and the front row to the back. Late arrival should line up to the back regardless of their ranking.
  • Students should not enter or leave the class without obtaining permission from your Master or Instructor.
  • To prevent injuries, jewelleries and watches are not to be worn during training. Finger and toe nails should be kept short.
  • Food, alcohol, tobacco, chewing gum, loud conversation, negative behavior and foul language are strictly prohibited in the dojang.
  • Seniors must behave and set a good example for the juniors. Juniors must respect senior belts and elders.
  • Students are expected to be polite, honest, and humble and always follow the rules of Taekwondo.
  • Never forget that you learn Taekwondo for defensive purposes and never to offend or bully anyone.
  • Never use Taekwondo outside the dojang, unless in self-defense or in defense of someone weaker – and then only use the least force necessary.
  • Do not brag or boast of your Taekwondo abilities insideor outside the dojang.
  • Remember the first rule of self-defense is to avoid conflict wherever possible.

Meaning OF The Belts & Pattern Names of ITF Taekwon-Do

Grade Level Description Partten Movement
10th geup White – Signifies innocence, as that of the beginning student who has no previous knowledge of Taekwon-Do. 3 months min requirement.
9th geup White with yellow tag. 3 months min. requirement Cheon-Ji 19
8th geup Yellow – Signifies the earth from which a plant sprouts and takes root as the foundation of Taekwon-Do is being laid. 4 months minimum requirement. Dan-Gun 21
7th geup Yellow with green tag. 4 months minimum requirement Do-San 24
6th geup Green – Signifies the plant's growth as Taekwon-Do skills begin to develop. 4 months minimum requirement. Won-Hyo 28
5th geup Green with blue tag. 4 months minimum requirement Yul-Gok 38
4th geup Blue – Signifies the Heaven towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as training in Taekwon-Do progresses. 4 months minimum requirement. Jung-Geun 32
3rd geup Blue with red tag. 5 months minimum requirement Toi-Gye 37
2nd geup Red – Signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control and warning the opponent to stay away. 6 months minimum requirement. Hwa-Rang 29
1st geup Red with black tag. 6 months requirement Chung-Mu 30
1st dan Black – Opposite of white, therefore signifying maturity and proficiency in Taekwon-Do; also indicates the wearer's imperviousness to darkness and fear. Chung-Mu 30
Gwang-Gae 39
Gye-Baek 44
2nd dan Assistant Instructor (must remain at this rank at least 2 years) Eui-Am 45
Chung-Jang 52
Juche 45
3rd dan Assistant Instructor (must remain at this rank at least 3 years) Sam-Il 33
Yu-Sin 68
Choe-Yeong 46
4th dan International Instructor (must remain at this rank at least 4 years). At this point, a person may become a "SaBum-Nim" Yeon-Gae 49
Eul-Ji 42
Mun-Mu 61
5th dan Instructor (must remain at this rank at least 5 years) Seo-San 72
Se-Jong 24
6th dan Instructor (must remain at this rank at least 6 years) Tong-Il 56
7th dan Master Instructor (must remain at this rank at least 7 years)
8th dan Master Instructor (must remain at this rank at least 8 years)
9th dan Grand Master


  • Attention Stance
  • Cha ryuht sohgi is a stance in which the arms are slightly bent at one's sides and hands are in fists (with only thumbs touching the legs). Legs must be straight and feet must be together.
  • Closed Stance
  • Moa Sohgi means feet together.
  • Ready Stance
  • Choon bi means ready and is usually used before any practice, including patterns, begins or when the teacher requires your attention. It is often used to stop a practice when required. "Junbi" is possibly the most frequently used word in Taekwondo
  • Feet should be about shoulder width apart, arms bent in front of body, and hands about a fist width apart around belt height.


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